Violence, abuse and disruptive behaviour have increased dramatically in Scottish classrooms as traditional punishments, such as detention, have fallen out of fashion, an official survey has found.
A fifth of primary schoolteachers say they deal with pupils being physically aggressive towards their peers every day, double that recorded by similar research 13 years ago.
The report also shows a fivefold increase in the number of primary schoolteachers forced to confront pupils with weapons since 2016.
Amid concern that the present approach to discipline, which focuses on restorative conversations with perpetrators, is failing, Jenny Gilruth, the Scottish education secretary, is expected to make a statement in Holyrood on the way forward on Wednesday.
In secondary schools there has been a major increase in interruption to lessons,